Agriculture and Forests

Economic activities in the sectors of agriculture and forest hold significant potential in combating climate change. To begin with, forests are a source of ‘negative’ greenhouse gas emissions in the sense that CO2 is consumed in the photosynthesis process. Therefore, every tree cut effectively increases the CO2 content in the atmosphere – while every tree planted increases the absorption of CO2. In the CDM Pipeline, CDM projects are recorded under:

  • Reforestation
  • Afforestation
  • Mangroves

Agricultural activities are also significant contributors to greenhouse gas emissions - particularly livestock activities. To date, no CDM projects have been proposed that reduce emissions at source, e.g. by changing animal feed composition to reduce methane emissions. However, waste from agricultural production, both solid and liquid, has significant prevalence in CDM projects and can be found in the chapter concerning Waste.

While there is a certain controversy pertaining to fuel crops, in so far as they may compete for land for food production, there are crops that thrive on arid lands, and technologies that exploit material from agricultural production that is otherwise regarded as waste. In such cases, the risk of competition is significantly less or non-existent. Charcoal and briquettes production are also related to the forest industry and hold potential for emissions reduction. The following technologies are presented in this section:

  • Biodiesel
  • Biodiesel for Transportation
  • Biodiesel from Waste Oil
  • Ethanol
  • Charcoal Production
  • Biomass Briquettes
ExploreAgriculture and Forests
Choose Sublevel :
  • Forests
  • Fuels Production
  • Case:
    Project title: Reforestation on Degraded Lands in Northwest Guangxi

    The project involves reforestation in the area of Pearl River, in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region.

    Due to the high precipitation, frequent storms, complex landform and steep valleys, as well as continual human disturbance (fire, grazing and cultivation) and poor land management, the area has been subjected to severe vegetation degradation and soil erosion.
    In this project activity, 8671.3 ha of multi-purpose forest will be re-established. The Major species and reforestation models include, 1185.1 ha of masson pine (Pinus massoniana), 863.2 ha of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata), 3112.1 ha of Shiny-bark birch (Betula luminifera), 121.4 ha of Choerospondias axillaries, 929 ha of masson pine and Schima (Schima wallichii) mix forest, 408.7 ha of masson pine and Sweetgum (Liquidambar formosana) mixed forest, 1403.5 ha of eucalyptus and 648.3 ha of Flous (Taiwania flous).

    Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 20 years: 1,746,158 tCO2 (per/year: 87,308)

    UNFCCC project ref. no. 3561

    This website has ben produced with the assistance of the European Union

    This site is administred by:
    UNEP Risoe Centre
    See full contact information